Facts About Coton De Tulear Dog Breed

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Written By swipets

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The Coton de Tuléar is a small breed of Madagascar dog known for being affectionate, playful, intelligent, lively, trainable, and vocal. With their origins linked to a group of small white dogs that swam across the Malagasy channel following a shipwreck, Cotons have been bred for their intelligence, playfulness, and affection.

They are loving, devoted, clownish, and happy dogs that thrive on human companionship. This breed is small but robustly sturdy, and their favorite activities include clowning, cavorting, and following their particular human around the house. While they can have a lively and playful temperament, they do not bark excessively and are known for being loyal and affectionate companions.

Coton de Tulear dogs have medium-energy levels and require regular grooming to maintain their coat.

Facts About Coton De Tulear Dog Breed

Characteristics Of Coton De Tulear

The Coton de Tuléar is a small dog breed known for its affectionate and playful nature. Originating from Madagascar, these dogs are intelligent, lively, and easily trainable. They make great companions and are content to follow their unique humans around the house.

Enjoy cuddling and being loved, this breed is known for its loyalty and affection.


The Coton de Tulear is known for its affectionate, playful, and intelligent temperament. These dogs are lively and clownish, making them a delightful and entertaining companion. They have been bred for their people-oriented nature and thrive on human interaction and attention. Whether playing games or snuggling on the couch, the Coton de Tulear is always ready to shower its owner with love and affection.


The Coton de Tulear is a small but robustly sturdy breed. They have a cotton-like coat that is long, soft, and fluffy. This breed comes in various colors: white, black, lemon & white, tri-color, gray & white, and black & white. Their expressive eyes are round and dark, giving them an endearing and charming look.

Size And Weight

The Coton de Tulear is a small-sized dog breed, typically weighing between 9 and 15 pounds (4 and 7 kilograms). They have a height ranging from 9 to 12 inches (23 to 30 centimeters) at the shoulder. Despite their small size, these dogs have a sturdy build and a strong bone structure, allowing them to be agile and active.

Facts About Coton De Tulear Dog Breed

Caring For A Coton De Tulear

Coton de Tulear dogs are known for their lively, playful, and intelligent nature. They are affectionate and enjoy being held and cuddled by their owners.

Exercise Requirement

The Coton de Tulear is a small breed that requires regular exercise to maintain health and well-being. Despite their small size, they have medium energy levels and enjoy daily walks, playtime, and mental stimulation. It is recommended to give them at least 30 minutes to an hour of exercise daily. This can include walks in the park, playing fetch, or engaging in interactive games.

Regular exercise keeps them physically fit and helps prevent obesity, which can be a common issue in small breeds. It also helps to stimulate their minds and to avoid boredom, which can lead to destructive behavior.

Grooming Tips

The Coton de Tulear has a long, soft, cotton-like coat that requires regular grooming to keep it looking its best. Their coat does not shed much, making them an excellent choice for individuals with allergies. However, their fur can get easily tangled and matted if not properly cared for.

To keep their coat in optimal condition, it is recommended to brush them at least 2-3 times a week using a soft bristle brush or a slicker brush. This helps to remove any tangles and prevent matting. Regular baths are also necessary to keep their coats clean and healthy.

Additionally, regular grooming should include cleaning their ears to prevent infections, trimming their nails to a suitable length, and receiving regular dental care to maintain oral hygiene.

Health Problems

While the Coton de Tulear is generally healthy, they can be prone to specific health problems. Owners need to be aware of these issues and take appropriate measures to prevent or manage them.

Some common health problems seen in the Coton de Tulear include:

  1. Patellar Luxation: This is a condition where the kneecap slips out of place, causing pain and discomfort.
  2. Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA): This genetic eye disorder can lead to vision loss over time.
  3. Persistent Pupillary Membrane (PPM): This is a condition where remnants of fetal blood vessels in the eye do not fully regress, potentially causing vision impairments.
  4. Hip dysplasia is a condition where the hip joint does not develop properly, leading to pain and difficulty in movement.

Regular veterinary check-ups and a healthy diet can help prevent and manage these health problems. Obtaining a Coton de Tulear from a reputable breeder who conducts health screenings on their breeding dogs is also advisable.

Cost Of Owning A Coton De Tulear

The cost of owning a Coton de Tulear can vary depending on several factors. On average, you can expect to pay anywhere between $1,500 and $3,000 for a Coton de Tulear puppy from a reputable breeder.

In addition to the initial purchase price, there are other costs to consider, such as:

  • Veterinary care: This includes vaccines, annual check-ups, flea and tick prevention, and any necessary medical treatments.
  • Grooming: regular grooming and maintenance of their coat.
  • Food and supplements: providing a balanced and nutritious diet.
  • Training and socialization: enrolling in obedience classes or hiring a professional trainer.
  • Supplies: This includes a dog bed, crate, leash, collar, toys, and bowls.

It is essential to budget for these expenses to ensure that you can provide the necessary care and support for your Coton de Tulear throughout their life.

Facts About Coton De Tulear Dog Breed

Frequently Asked Questions For Facts About Coton De Tulear Dog Breed

What Are Coton De Tulear Known For?

The Coton de Tulear is known for being a bright and happy companion dog. They love to clown around and follow their unique humans around the house. They have a lively and playful temperament but don’t bark much. They also enjoy being held and cuddled and are loyal and affectionate pets.

Do Coton De Tulear Bark A Lot?

Coton de Tulear dogs don’t bark much but will bark to alert you to sounds or intruders. They are known for their lively and playful temperament. They love to be cuddled and stroked and are loyal and affectionate. Their coat requires regular grooming to prevent matting.

Do Coton De Tulear Like To Be Held?

Yes, Coton de Tulear dogs like to be held. They enjoy cuddling and being stroked and will happily spend the day lying with you for some love and affection. They are loyal and affectionate in return.

Is Coton De Tulear High Maintenance?

No, the Coton de Tulear is not high maintenance. They require regular brushing and grooming every few months to prevent matting.


The Coton de Tulear is a delightful companion dog known for its happy-go-lucky personality and adorable clown-like antics. Originating from Madagascar, these small but robust dogs are loyal, affectionate, and intelligent. While they may not bark excessively, they are playful and enjoy being cuddled and loved.

Although their beautiful coat requires regular grooming, their unwavering devotion and lively nature make them an excellent addition to any family. So, if you’re looking for a people-friendly, fun-loving canine companion, the Coton de Tulear might be the perfect breed.

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